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Medical Research

Over the past seven years, Footbeat has been studied, tested and validated by the Footbeat team and independent medical professionals & researchers both in the United States and internationally. Footbeat has successfully completed four, third-party conducted studies evaluating blood flow and athletic performance. Foot compression has been used in hospitals and clinics for over the past 30 years for therapeutic use in the treatment of pain, diabetic neuropathy, edema, and circulatory enhancement.

Related Papers for Active Compression Therapy

1. Killewich LA, Sandager GP, Nguyen AH, et al Venous hemodynamics during impulse foot pumping. J Vasc Surg. 1995; 22: 598-605.

2. Morgan RH, Psaila JV, Gardner AMN, Fox RH, Woodcock JP: Arterial Flow Enhancement by Impulse Compression. Vascular Surgery Jan/Feb 8-16. 1991

3. Armstrong DG, Nguyen HC. Improvement in Healing With Aggressive Edema Reduction After Debridement of the Foot Infection in Persons With Diabetes. Arch Surg. 2000; 135:1405-1409

4. Ebenezer GJ, O’Donnell R, Hauer P, et. al. Impaired neurovascular repair in subjects with diabetes following experimental intracutaneous axotomy. Brain, 2011; 134(6):1853

5. Schneider D, Sobel B, Diabetes and Thrombosis. Contempary Cardiology 2005 (1): 107-128

6. AbuRahma AF, Woodruff BA, Luente FC. Edema after femoral popliteal bypass surgery: lymphatic venous theories causation. The American Venous Forum. New Orleans, LA. Feb 22-24, 1989.

7. Caschman J, Blagg S, Bishay M. The Efficacy of the A-V Impulse System in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Swelling following Ankle Fracture. J of Orthop Trauma 2004; 18(9):596-601

8. Gardner AM, Fox RH. Reduction of Post-Traumatic Swelling and Compartment pressure by Impulse Compression of the Foot. J Bone JT Surg. 1990; 75(B) 5:810-15.

9. Morgan RH, Psaila JV, Gardner AMN Fox RH, et al. Arterial Flow Enhancement by Impulse Compression. Vasc Surg. 1991; Jan-Feb: 8-16.

10. Stokkle U, Hoffman R, Schutz M, et al. Fastest reduction of posttraumatic edema: continuous cryotherapy or intermittent impulse compression? Foot Ankle Int. 1997 Jul;18(7):432-8

11. Thordarson DB, Ghalambor N, Perlman M. Intermittent pneumatic pedal compression and edema resolution after acute ankle sprain: A prospective randomized study. Foot and Ankle Int.1997; 6:347-50.

12. Thordarson D, Green N, Shepherd L, Perlman M. Facilitating Edema Resolution with a Foot Pump After Calcaneus Fracture. J of Orthop Trauma 1999; 13(1):43-46

13. Furchgott RF, Zawadzki JV. The obligatory role of endothelial cells in the relaxation of arterial smooth muscle by acetylcholine. Nature 1980; 288:373-376

14. Ignarro LJ, Buga GM, Wood KS, Byrns RE, Chaudhuri G. Endothelial-derived relaxing factor produced and released from the artery and vein is nitric oxide. Proc. Natl Acad Sci USA. 1987; 84:9265-9269.

15. Palmer RM, Ashton DS, Moncada S. Vascular endothelial cells synthesize nitric oxide from L-arginine. Nature. 1988; 333:664-666.

16. Yanagisawa M, Kurihara H, Kimura S, Tomobe Y, Kobayashi M, Misui Y, Yazaki Y, Goto K, Masaki T. A novel potent vasoconstrictor peptide produced by vascular endothelial cells. Nature. 1988; 332:411-415.

17. Pohl U, Holz J, Busse R, Bassenge E. Crucial role of endothelium in the vasodilator response to increased flow in vivo. Hypertension. 1986; 8:37-44.

18. Vanhoutte PM, Boulager CM, Mombouli JV. Endothelium-derived relaxing factor and converting enzyme inhibition. Am J Cardiol 1995; 76:3E-12E.

19. Eze AR, Comerota AJ, Cisek PL. Intermittent calf and foot compression increase lower extremity blood flow. Amer J Surg 1996; 172:130-135.

20. Vallance J, Collier J, Moncada S. Effects of endothelium-derived nitric oxide on peripheral arteriolar tone in man. Lancet. 1989; 2:997-1000.

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CONTOURED INSOLES – The Footbeat Contoured Insoles are designed to be extremely comfortable while providing maximum results. Despite our best efforts, we cannot design an insole that will be perfect for all people. If you have highly sensitive feet, feet that don't fit into most shoes or feet that require custom insoles or shoes, please contact your health care provider before buying Footbeat. Custom solutions may be available and we want to make sure you have the most satisfying Footbeat experience possible.

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